Carthage is the county seat of Smith County, Tennessee. It is well known in this area as the hometown of former Vice President Al Gore, and his father, Senator Albert Gore, Sr.
The earliest known settler in what is now Carthage was William Walton (1760 -1816), who arrived in the late 1780s. Around 1800, Walton directed the construction of the Walton Road (Cumberland Turnpike), an early stage coach route connecting the Knoxville area with Middle Tennessee. The road, which paralleled what is now US-70, would prove influential in the early settlement of the Cumberland region.